Historical Thinking

Cause and Consequence

Working with cause and consequence involves students identifying, investigating, understanding and making sense of complex, inter-connected processes. Events in history do not have one cause and the past is a tangled web of cause and effect. In order to be able to explain why things happened, and the consequences of events, students need to have a secure sense of chronology, the ability to question sources and historical interpretations, and good analytical skills. Explaining cause and consequence involves students in trying to understand change in past societies. By engaging with cause and consequence students have to develop precision in their explanations of inter-connectedness, and to learn to make well-substantiated judgements about the relative importance of causal factors.

Learning Activities